The aim of the new initiative is to boost AI development and funding in the USA and also to ensure that America is a leader when it comes to helping shape global artificial intelligence policies.
Federal agencies should prioritize in funding research that will "directly benefit the American people", such as healthcare and education.
The White House plan doesn't include any funding details.
It will also aim for a "multi-pronged approach" that emphasizes "research and development, AI infrastructure, AI governance, workforce and global engagement".
Trump signed the directive Monday.
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The plan, called the American AI Initiative, is meant to enhance national and economic security and improve Americans' quality of life.
Follow the White House OSTP on Twitter for more updates on the Trump administration's "American AI Initiative".
The order notes that the U.S. "must train current and future generations of American workers with the skills to develop and apply AI technologies to prepare them for today's economy and jobs of the future", pointing to the "heads of implementing agencies" to prioritize grants "within existing Federal fellowship and service programs". The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will implement standards that support trustworthy AI systems.
America is widely considered the world leader in artificial intelligence - however, many believe the Chinese government's vast access to data might give it an advantage in the coming years.
American workers are also part of the AI initiative, which will equip them with apprenticeships, fellowships, and programs in the AI industry.
"AI is something that touches every aspect of people's lives", a senior administration official said on a conference call, recently.