"We expect at a level of principle that not only the death penalty should not be applied but also wherever people are in trouble the rule of law ought be applied fairly".
Freeland also trumpeted a long list of allies that the country has courted in its efforts to free two other Canadians imprisoned last month after Canada arrested a Chinese executive at the request of the United States.
Hua's comments add to increasingly strained relations between the two countries since Canada detained Meng on December 1, followed soon after by China's arrest of Michael Kovrig, a former diplomat and Michael Spavor, an entrepreneur, on allegations they were undermining national security.
"You asked whether China would like to listen to the request from the Canadian side, but I would like to ask relevant Canadian leaders or politicians whether they have truly and earnestly listened to China's solemn position?"
Australia has expressed deep concerns with China sentencing a Canadian man to death for drug smuggling.
The Australian Federal Police have a joint Taskforce Blaze with the Chinese narcotics police to exchange intelligence and run joint operations to disrupt the smuggling of methamphetamine from China to Australia.
Taking Canada to task for issuing an updated travel advisory warning its citizens about the risk of arbitrary enforcement of laws in China, Hua said that Canada should instead remind its people to not engage in drug smuggling there.
A new trial was ordered in China's Liaoning province this week, where Schellenberg was found guilty once again and given a death sentence.
I believe the original 15 year sentence was justified 168 votes 27.32 %.
Diplomatic relations between Ottawa and Beijing have quickly deteriorated since Meng's arrest to the point there are fears they could damage Canada's business relationship with its second-largest trading partner.More news: Sharapova shows no sympathy after handing Dart double-bagel
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"Canada does not have any special cards that can allow Chinese law to bow its head to it", the newspaper said in an editorial on Wednesday.
Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying gestures during a press briefing at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs building in Beijing on September 15, 2017.
"We express our strong dissatisfaction with this, " Hua told reporters at a daily briefing.
Freeland said she had spoken to Schellenberg's father on Monday, adding it had been "a very emotional conversation for him".
Schellenberg's defense lawyer, Zhang Dongshuo, said his client plans to appeal the verdict.
Global rights groups condemned Schellenberg's sentence, with some saying it was too severe and may have been politically motivated.
China is urging its citizens to be cautious about going to Canada.
Zhang said there was insufficient evidence to prove Schellenberg was part of a drug syndicate, or that he was involved in smuggling methamphetamines.
"The sudden retrial and apparent rush to judgment has highlighted the numerous flaws in China's judicial system, " China researcher William Nee said in a statement.
Trudeau had also received support from other allies, including the United States, the European Union, France, Germany, Britain and Australia.