It was the 105th time the South American arch-rivals have faced each other in an official match, with Brazil marginally ahead on 41 wins to 38, with 26 draws.
Tite's side, unconvincing 2-0 winners over Saudi Arabia on Friday, were otherwise ineffective in attack as they struggled to create any notable chances despite the significant time they spent on the ball.
"The team felt exhausted in the second half but I think we dominated our opponents, we played well and we got the goal at the end", said Brazil's Filipe Luis.
Argentina improved considerably after the break but Brazil still had the better chances, with Romero parrying away a fierce volley from Arthur and Casemiro nearly scoring with seven minutes left only to see his deflected free-kick curl wide.More news: Melania spokeswoman calls for boycott of TI over video
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"The team were concentrating".
"Today we work with the nutritionist a lot therefore a player can still play at a high level even at 38 or 39".
But there was only so much Romero could do about the eventual victor, the Manchester United goalkeeper left exposed by his defence as an unmarked Miranda rose to settle the contest.
"The goal is dedicated to this who believed in me and supported me, to my family". An emotional Miranda dedicated the goal to his wife on the 16th anniversary of their first meeting. "A kiss for my wife and my children, I want to celebrate the goal with them".