2 equine cases of West Nile Virus confirmed in Montana

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In 2017, Ada County's first positive West Nile test pool was reported in mid-July. "Potential routes of introduction include importation of infected birds, mosquitoes or [via] human beings".

Remove standing water around the home at least once a week to reduce mosquito breeding grounds. The primary mosquito that transmits EEE breeds in freshwater swamps.

Dallas County in Texas is the latest community in the U.S. to report West Nile virus cases during 2018.

"There is no direct treatment for the virus in horses, but vaccination is highly effective in preventing disease". The symptoms of neurologic illness can include a headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, tremors, seizures, or paralysis. Standing water can be treated with EPA-approved larvicides to kill mosquitoes before they become adults. Do not apply insect repellent onto a child's hands, eyes, mouth, or on cut or irritated skin.

-Turn over wheelbarrows, wading pools, boats, and canoes when not in use.

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-Clean roof gutters and downspouts for proper drainage.

For most mosquitoes in the US, activity peaks during the dusk hours.

Report dead crows, blue jays or ravens to the Dead Bird Reporting Hotline at 1-800-433-1610.

People are encouraged to stay protected while outdoors, by wearing socks, shoes, long trousers and long-sleeved shirts when mosquitoes are around.

Doors - Make sure doors and windows are in good repair and fit tightly, and fix torn or damaged screens to keep mosquitoes out of the house.

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